Currency: The official currencies are the Cuban Peso, which is equivalent to 100 cents and the Cuban Convertible Peso CUC, which is equivalent to 25 Cuban Pesos according to the rate established in the country.
Electricity: The electric current in Cuba is 110 V 60 Hz, although in new construction facilities there is 220 V 60 Hz. Electrical equipment equipped with round pins must be brought with a flat-pin adapter.
Units of measure: In Cuba, the International System of Units governs.
Regulations and Useful Information:
- All visitors must have a valid passport in their name and the corresponding visa or tourist card, except in the cases of countries that have an agreement with Cuba with a free visa .
- All hotels have a current of 110 V. and flat spigot receptacles. In some installations the use of 220 V current is possible.
- Cuba is governed by GMT Time. From March to October, summer time is adopted, going ahead 1 hour. • The departure tax at Cuban international airports is 25.00 CUC.
- There is a diversified offer of taxi services, rental of cars, buses and motorcycles.
- If you are going to leave Cuba with more than 23 Habanos, you must present the official purchase invoice and the original packaging with the new holographic stamp. Failure to comply with these requirements will be confiscated by the Customs of Cuba.
- The people who live in the United States do not enter their passports in their passports.
- Customs laws prohibit the entry of pornographic material, narcotics, narcotics, live animals and firearms, although the latter can be authorized, when it comes to weapons for sport hunting, by the entity in charge of this type of tourism.
- The export of works of art, antiques, and other legally protected cultural assets is allowed, with the proper documentation of the competent institutions and accredited with the purchase invoice.
- The maximum export value of other items is one thousand dollars. The crafts does not require documentation for export.
- Citizens with a Cuban passport, regardless of their place of residence, are not authorized to enjoy motorized Nautical Options, according to the regulations in force in the country.
The export of up to twenty (20) units of loose twisted tobacco is authorized, without the need to present any document.
Up to fifty (50) units of twisted tobacco are authorized, with the condition that they are contained in original, sealed, sealed containers and with the official hologram established, without which exportation is not authorized; Y
quantity in excess of fifty (50) units of twisted tobacco, provided that it presents the official sales invoice issued by the network of stores authorized to market Cuban twisted cigars, corresponding to all the twisted tobacco that it tries to extract and that must necessarily be contained in original containers, sealed and sealed and with the official hologram established.
Geographic Situation of Cuba
Surrounded by the Caribbean Sea is one of the largest and most beautiful islands of the Antilles, called Cuba. The archipelago of Cuba is formed by more than 1,600 islands, islets and cays, being the island of Cuba the largest.
It is also formed by four Insular groups that are:
- The Colorados
- King's gardens
- Jardindes de la Reina
- The Canarreos, the latter being the most important because it is the Isle of Youth.
The surface area of the Cuban Archipelago is 109,884 square kilometers.
To the north are the United States and the Bahamas, to the west Mexico, to the south the Cayman Islands and Jamaica and to the southeast the island of Hispaniola.
Poulation of Cuba
- The population in Cuba, is settled in the islands of Cuba and La Juventud, the rest of the keys and islets are depopulated with the exception of some keys where there are some tourist centres
- According to the Population and Housing Census of 2012, the population in Cuba amounts to 11 163 934 inhabitants.
- By sex, the number of females slightly exceeds the number of males: Females: 50.09% Males: 49.91%
- Havana, Santiago de Cuba and Holguín are confirmed as the most populated provinces, with 4.2 million inhabitants, representing 37.9% of the total population of the country.
- Taken from the site of the National Bureau of Statistics of Cuba. ONE
National Symbols of Cuba
FLAG OF THE REPUBLIC OF CUBA
In 1850 it was raised for the first time in Cuba, which would definitely be its national banner. Of a great simplicity and with perfect harmony three colors, red, blue and white, are combined to form the Cuban flag: three blue lists - the departments in which the Island was divided at that time - two white lists - the strength of the independence ideal - , a red triangle - a representative of equality, fraternity and freedom and, in turn, of the necessary blood poured into the struggles for independence - and a white, solitary star - as a symbol of absolute freedom among other peoples - They characterize its beautiful design.
SHIELD OF THE REPUBLIC OF CUBA
The National shield represents our Island. It has the shape of an ogival shield and is divided into three bodies. In its upper horizontal body appears a golden key between two mountains and a rising sun in the sea - which symbolizes Cuba's position in the Gulf between the two Americas, in the midst of the emergence of a new State. The white and blue stripes exemplify the departmental position of the Island in colonial times and are found along the left body. In the vertical right: a Cuban landscape presided by the real palm or what would be the same, the symbol of the unwavering character of the Cuban people.
The Cuban National Anthem was born in Bayamo in the heat of the struggle for independence. Pedro Figueredo, after having composed the melody in 1867, wrote, with great independence, the lyrics of this fight anthem when the insurgent troops took over the city in 1868.
Climate & Temperature in Cuba
The climate in Cuba is moderate Subtropical. The Cuban territory borders on the Tropic of Cancer, and due to its long and narrow configuration, oriented from East to West, it receives the refreshing action of the trade winds and the sea breezes. During the short winter cold air masses influence it from the North; those cold fronts are short-lived. The variations of the thermometer between day and night are less accentuated in coastal regions than inland. The eastern region enjoys a warmer climate than the western one.
In Cuba, two climatic seasons are marked in the year: the winter from November to April and the summer from May to October,
in which the average temperature is as follows:
- Average temperature General: 24.6º C (76.3º F)
- Average temperature in summer 25º C (77º F)
- Average temperature in winter 22º C (71.6º F)
- The annual average of precipitations is of 1 375 mm.
- In the winter the coldest months are: January and February.
- In the Summer the hottest month is August.
Main Cities in Cuba
Havana, capital of the Republic of Cuba, has almost 3 million inhabitants and a territorial extension of 739 km².It is located on the north coast of the western region of Cuba, facing the Strait of Florida.
The provinces of Cuba are: Pinar del Río, Artemisa, Havana, Mayabeque, Matanzas, Villa Clara, Cienfuegos, Santic Spíritus, Ciego de Ávila, Camagüey, Las Tunas, Holguín, Granma, Santiago de Cuba, Santiago de Cuba and Guantánamo.
State and Government in Cuba
The supreme body of power is the National Assembly of People's Power, with constitutional and legislative power, which is elected by the free, direct and secret vote of the electors. Sessions in two ordinary periods, and extraordinary when requested by more than half of the total number of deputies.
The National Assembly of People's Power appoints the Council of State, which is the body that represents it from one session to another, has a collegial character and, for national and international purposes, holds the supreme representation of the State. The President of the Council of State is the President of the Republic of Cuba.
The executive function of the State is exercised through the Council of Ministers, which is the highest executive and administrative body and constitutes the Government of the Republic of Cuba. Its members are appointed by the National Assembly at the proposal of the Council of State.
The Supreme Court of Justice and the other courts are responsible for exercising the judicial function. The courts constitute a system of state organs, structured with functional independence from any other and hierarchically subordinated to the National Assembly of People's Power and the Council of State.
Health System in Cuba
The health system in Cuba is characterized by having one of the most complete primary care programs in the world, the Infant Mortality Rate is the lowest in Latin America and health services are free for all the people. Life expectancy in Cuba at birth is 75 years.
Economy in Cuba
In Cuba, Tourism is the main line in the Economy. Other important industries are: Sugar Cane, Tobacco, Nickel, Rum, Coffee and for some years the Pharmaceutical and Biotechnological Industry.
Cuba is a prodigious country in artistic manifestations and creators, and has contributed to the International Culture with important names of writers, thinkers, dancers, musicians, painters, poets and singers.
Cuban craftsmanship is interesting, with outstanding works in leather, vegetable fibers, wood, stone, metal and sea products. The cultural infrastructure in Cuba has theater halls, museums, art galleries and cinemas, which show not only samples of the national heritage of all times, but also world art.
Cuba is home to important international events such as the Ballet Festival, the Biennial of Plastic Arts, Popular Music Festivals and the New Latin American Film Festival, among others.
Sports in Cuba
Cuba exhibits excellent Olympic results, and occupies a prominent place in the sport worldwide. The massive and free practice of sports makes Cuba proud and are among the most significant achievements of its last 50 years.
Baseball is the national sport, and the teams with the greatest rivalry are Industriales, which represents its capital - Havana - and the team from Santiago de Cuba.
Forms of Payment in Cuba
In the tourist facilities of Cuba and other service units, the prices are set in Cuban convertible pesos (CUC). In Varadero, Cayo Largo del Sur, Cayo Coco, Cayo Guillermo, Santa Lucía Beach, Covarrubias Beach and the tourist destinations of the north coast of Holguin accept payment in Euros.
Credit cards are accepted - provided they are not issued by US banks or their branches in other countries - MasterCard, Visa International and CABAL. The Cuban convertible peso and the change tokens equivalent to the fractional currency of 50, 25, 10, 5 and 1 cents have liberating force and legal course without limitation within the national territory. Those that are not used can be redeemed when leaving the country in the banking agencies of international ports and airports in Cuba. Traveler's checks are accepted, including the American ones.
Education in Cuba
In Cuba the Teaching is Free and Compulsory until the ninth grade. Since 1961 illiteracy was eradicated and today its population has a high level of education. It has a National Education System that ranges from nursery schools, for children of working mothers, to University Centers scattered throughout the country.
History of Cuba
Cuba was discovered by Christopher Columbus on October 27, 1492. The conquest and colonization caused the extermination of its aboriginal inhabitants, so they imported African blacks to exploit as slaves. This mixture defined the Cuban population and culture. On October 10, 1868, they began their independence struggles against Spain, whose domination lasted for 4 centuries. The United States intervened in the war and established a pseudo - republic in 1902 until the 1st. January 1959, in which the Revolution led by Fidel Castro triumphed, with essential transformations for the life of the country.
Religion in Cuba
Cuba is a secular country with freedom of worship. Catholic and Afro-Cuban religions predominate, being the most widespread the Catholic religion, with numerous churches of great architectural beauty, such as The Cathedral of Havana, and the Church of the Holy Angel, just to mention a few. Afro-Cuban religion has a deep popular roots, and Don Fernando Ortiz called it "religious syncretism" product of the transculturation Africa - Spain - Cuba. There are other religious tendencies but they are less widespread.
The patron saint of Cuba is the Virgin of Charity of the Copper and her sanctuary rises in the city of Santiago de Cuba in the east of the island. In the sanctuary exhibits are offered that the faithful do to their virgin, and you can find military degrees, insignia of fighters of the Rebel Army, and gloves of famous players just to mention some of them.
Another Saint venerated in Cuba is the miraculous San Lázaro, and his Sanctuary is located in the outskirts of Havana, in the town of El Rincón. Every December 17 a crowd of devotees come to his shrine to venerate him in an impressive perenigration.
Orography of Cuba
In the Topography of Cuba four orographic groups stand out:
- In the West: The Coordinator of Guaniguanico.
- In the South Central region of Cuba: Mountains of Guamuhaya.
- In the Eastern region of Cuba: Nipe Mountains - Sagua - Baracoa.
- In the Eastern region also: the Sierra Maestra, where the highest height of the island of Cuba and the Cuban archipelago is located: The Turquino Peak, with 1974 meters above sea level.
- Its longest river is the Cauto, with 250 kilometers of extension, followed by Sagua La Grande, Zaza, Caonao, and San Pedro. The Toa river located in the provinces of Holguin and Guantanamo is the largest in the country.
- Its main bays are: Havana, Mariel, Santiago de Cuba, Nipe, and Guantanamo, the latter occupied by the US Naval Base.